Dahua has a now free app (used to be paid) called gDMSS Plus (Android) or iDMSS Plus (iOS), both of which support 2-way audio communication.
You could use wireless dome and bullet cameras for all of the cameras that don’t require audio. The fixed-lens cameras are typically available in 2.8mm or 3.6mm fixed lens options.
For the cameras with audio, 2-way audio support would be required on the camera, and those are available in the Dahua N45 series as a motorized-lens WDR bullet or its dome counterpart, either of which would need to be wired, but you can use a wireless bridge to eliminate wiring from the PoE switch to the recorder. Wired cameras typically are much more feature-rich and will have better image quality over wireless cameras.
You would connect a speaker and microphone to the camera with 2-way audio. Or you can opt for a speaker/microphone combo for easier installation. ETS makes a speaker/microphone combo, although it’s probably not the best aesthetic design. We have other options available depending on your desired finish, but the ETS runs around $129 with free shipping.
You can use wired IP cameras as wireless if you add a Point-to-Point (P2P) wireless bridge and a PoE switch, thereby eliminating the need to run cable from the camera to the recorder. If you are not planning on running cable from the PoE switch to each camera, then you should use a Point-to-Multi-Point (P2MP) solution with a PoE switch for each camera (PoE port for the camera and uplink port for the wireless radio). There would need to be line of sight (LoS) between each wireless radio.
The DVR/XVR is less expensive than an NVR, and is ideal to use since the NVR includes PoE and you shouldn’t pay for it if you don’t plan on wiring your cameras directly to the recorder.
I would recommend using junction boxes for the bullet cameras unless the wiring is going to be concealed from the indoors. Use wall mounts on dome cameras when mounting them to a vertical wall unless you are mounting from underneath an eve or soffit from a horizontal surface.
For an additional fee, we can pre-configure the wireless bridge as well as the cameras and recorder so that everything is plug-and-play and easy to install and deploy.
Dahua has more advanced cameras with advanced analytics, which they refer to as IVS. The two 4MP cameras have IVS, but the DVR is economical, so it’s only available on one channel on this particular DVR. IVS allows for setting intrusion detection zones so that a notification can be sent and/or alarm/audio file can be played if motion is detected during certain times and on certain days.
There are two types of license plate cameras on the market: true LPR (license plate recognition) cameras, and standard security cameras that are capable of reading license plates. The second type of camera is commonly known as LPC, or license plate capture.
True LPR cameras usually cost over $1000, have tested daytime and night-time reads of license plates on vehicles traveling at certain speeds, and have the ability to interface with some type of software database which has some type of reporting function. They are generally able to read license plates on one or more lanes of vehicles traveling at highway speeds and have some type of built-in or optional diffusable infrared to illuminate the license plate but not over-illuminate to the point where the reflection is all that is seen. Popular manufacturers of LPR cameras in this category include Messoa, Vivotek, Hikvision, and Digital Watchdog. Dahua offers ANPR (or automatic number plate reader) cameras, but as of the date of this post, Dahua’s offering only includes the reading of license plates (LPs) of vehicles which are stopped at gates; not those of moving vehicles.
Most consumers and small to medium-sized businesses would rather spend no more than a few hundred dollars per camera to be able to read license plates of vehicles going in and out of their driveways, streets and intersections, or entry/exit points, also known as choke points. Infrared is generally not diffusable at this price range. These “fake LPR cameras” are not designed for LPR, so vehicle speeds have not been tested, nor has the effective range or number of lanes.
The configuration of cameras to be able to read LPs in daytime and night-time include adjusting frame rate, exposure, and lighting to coincide with vehicle speeds. In 2016 eDigitalDeals was asked by an HOA in the upscale neighborhood of Bel Air, CA to install LPR cameras in two intersections leading into this residential neighborhood to help prevent crime in this area, as well as to identify the owners of vehicles used in conjunction with the home burglaries and home invasions. In the summer of 2017, eDigitalDeals replaced three analog SD single-lane LPR cameras with 3MP IP dual-lane LPR cameras by Messoa during an industrial installation in Fullerton, CA. Photos will posted at the end of this article.
Ten factors to consider when researching LPR/LPC cameras:
Price or budget. This is the most important factor because if the budget is not at least $800, then either the end-user expectations need to be adjusted, or the budget needs to be raised.
Reporting and integration. In addition to using some kind of DVR or NVR, there are LPR or ANPR software options on the market that compile a database of vehicle license plates that allow for reporting. Standard reporting features typically include the ability to list or filter license plates beginning or ending with certain characters, blacklisting certain license plates (for example former employees at a company or expelled students at a school), and counting or listing the number of times a vehicle plate has been identified in a given period of time. Our preferred choice of reporting is Milestone XProtect’s LPR.
Output format. There are several types of camera formats on the market: Analog SD (standard definition), HD-SDI, EX-SDI, HD-TVI, HD-CVI, AHD, and IP are the most common. There are several variations of the analog HD formats (TVI, CVI, AHD), separating the various resolution options. For example, HD-TVI 4.0 identifies HD-TVI cameras up to 5MP, while HD-TVI 3.0 identifies HD-TVI cameras up to 3MP. Choose the format that is compatible with your recorder and/or LPR software.
Angle, distance, and installation location. It is important to install the camera as close as possible to being perpendicular to the vehicle’s license plate. This means a head-on angle. The more off-to-the side the LPR camera is installed, the lower likelihood of getting a clear reading. If a plate is not read clearly, then it is of little to no use. The most effective horizontal angle is no more than 15-degrees. The maximum vertical angle should be no more than 30-degrees. If the camera needs to be installed higher, for example on a highway or road, it should be capturing plates at a farther distance. If capturing plates at a vehicle stopped at a gate, it’s a best practice to install the camera(s) as close as possible to vehicle license plate height (while considering environmental conditions mentioned below in numbers 8 and 9).
Lighting and exposure. For the highest chance of LP readings, LPR/LPC cameras should be configured in black and white. The faster the vehicle moves, the faster the exposure. For vehicles moving up to 35 MPH, the exposure should be lowered from a default of 1/30 to 1/500. Keep in mind, when the exposure time is lowered, the less light passes through the camera’s lens, and the more infrared light is required. For LPC cameras, the amount of light passing through to the camera is so low at 1/500 exposure rate that the camera will be nearly black after the sun sets. It would be best to keep an LPC camera in night or infrared mode to achieve best captures throughout the day and night. In addition, if an LPC camera has HLC or WDR, both should be enabled. HLC or head-light compensation (also known as HLM or head-light masking) helps to block bright headlights so that a license plate can be read more easily. True WDR or wide dynamic range can help to equalize exposure of reflective surfaces, e.g. sunny asphalt, wet asphalt, etc. Do not confuse WDR with DWDR (digital WDR), as DWDR is not nearly as effective as true WDR.
As of 2016, a lot of people are using starlight technology for LPC cameras because no additional infrared light is required and LPs are displayed in full color. Starlight is more ideal for vehicles traveling at lower speeds. In order to see with Starlight, the camera must have infrared mode disabled.
Speedand frame rate. For moving vehicles, the frame rate of the camera should be set to 15fps (frames per second) or more. For stopped vehicles, 5fps is more than enough. The faster the vehicle speed, the higher the frame rate.
Number of lanes. True LPR cameras post the tested number of lanes in the features or specifications. LPC cameras don’t post this information, as they are not designed for the purposes of capturing license plates. It would be best to test the effective range and angle on an LPC camera before deploying it.
Weather conditions. Over time, there may be a need for a new front cover due to environmental damage from the sun, salt (in marine environments), or wind/water from heavy storms. To help protect against environmental maintenance issues, sun-shields are highly recommended, and you can opt for an IP67 or better water/dust-proof rating. LP readings in wet or snowy conditions will be more difficult to achieve than on clear days.
Vandal-proofing. Cameras should be vandal-proof (also known as vandal-resistant, impact resistant, tamper-proof, or IK10) whenever possible, especially if installed near arm’s reach. Dahua, ACTi, and Uniview have various vandal-proof bullet camera options. Vandal-proof dome cameras should not be used for LPR purposes, as the curved dome cover slightly skews the image enough to result in an LP read that is not as clear as the read from a bullet camera with a flat polycarbonate lens cover.
Maintenance. Over time, it’s possible that a camera with varifocal adjustable lens may need to be re-focused. It’s a good idea to use a remote focus camera (also known as motorized lens) so that you don’t have to go to the camera to re-focus it. If using a motorized lens camera with Internet access (either to the camera or DVR/NVR), you should be able to login to the camera remotely so that you wouldn’t even have to go to the site to refocus the camera. Ensure ports are forwarded to achieve proper remote access. Additionally, the camera may need cleaning from spider webs or bird nests. An ideal solution is the DotWorkz dome cleaner.
Here is a sample video of a fake LPR camera (ACTi E413) in action. This is a 5MP IP Camera with DWDR. Note that there is no true WDR or HLM, but the 10x motorized lens and vandal-proof body made it a low-cost alternative to our competition, and that is what allowed us to win the bid. Some of the LP reads are not as clean as they could be, and that is mainly due to the fact that the camera is installed to the far right of the sidewalk of this intersection. The customer was happy with the price and performance of the cameras because they can make out plates well enough in both day-time and night-time conditions.
Here is a sample video of a true LPR Camera (Messoa 3MP Dual-Lane IP Camera, model LPR030A-ORV0750 with LS101 sun-shade). Setup options are explored.
Here is a sample video of a true LPR Camera (Messoa 3MP Dual-Lane IP Camera, model LPR030A-ORV0750 with LS101 sun-shade). This is a sample video for daytime and night time views on initial configuration. Another video will be created once the camera has been configured properly for night-time LPR capture.
Here is a sample of a 1080p Starlight IP PTZ Camera (Dahua SD59225UN-HNI-OEM) with 25x optical zoom. Daytime mode, shows clear capture of vehicles and people and license plates across two lanes at 400+ feet away.
UPDATES AS OF 2018-Q2:
Hikvision recently introduced a true LPR camera, but it has several limitations, some of which contradict what the camera’s specifications sheet states. More information can be learned from this unbiased field-testing from IPVM. The disadvantages to using this camera are: 1) beyond 15 MPH, the accuracy of the reads starts to drop by double-digit percentages; 2) traffic should be going in the same direction in all lanes, otherwise two or more cameras would be required for accurate reads; 3) a Hikvision NVR would be required to record footage and have LPR recognition with LPR database entries. We can offer the camera for $799.95 with free shipping within the Continental USA, $64.95 for 128GB SanDisk Ultra MicroSDXC class-10 cards, and free lifetime technical support. There are two models of this camera available: one with 2.8-12mm motorized lens, and another with 8-32mm motorized lens.
Digital Watchdog (DW) recently introduced a 4MP LPC camera with 5-50mm motorized zoom lens. We can offer it for $749.95, which is slightly less Hikvision, but consider that it has no built-in LPR option. It has double the resolution of the Hikvision and a longer telephoto zoom lens to see further away. None of our customers who have purchased this camera has reported any issues or limitations with this camera, and speeds are rated to up to 50 MPH.
Lastly, we have successfully used a Dahua OEM 4K (8MP) H.265 Starlight bullet camera with 2.8-12mm motorized zoom lens for LPC and an IP67-rated housing to withstand harsh environmental conditions. Starlight mode allows the camera to see the colors of vehicles at night time, as long as there is sufficient ambient lighting. The 8MP resolution makes it ideal to view plates across 3 lanes of traffic in crisp detail, but the 12mm lens limitation is not ideal for viewing farther distances as are the other Hikvision or DW LPR/LPC cameras. The price point on this one is between $379-$399 depending on quantity desired. And for a limited time, we are offering a free upgrade to the ePoE (extended PoE) version of this camera.
If you would like assistance in calculating ideal megapixels and focal length for your LPR application, or if you have a video surveillance project to discuss, please contact eDigitalDeals DBA Custom Video Security at 1-310-370-9500 or toll-free at 1-877-DEALS-79 (1-877-332-5779) x1 for Sales. You may also chat with a security professional on our website during business hours at http://customvideosecurity.com, or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
We can setup LPR/LPC remotely over the Internet for a fee of $495 per camera. In order for us to do this, we would require the camera to be online, ports to be forwarded if connecting to it directly, and the login for the camera. The horizontal angle of incidence should be within 20-degrees ideally, or up to 30-degrees maximum, with a vertical angle of no more than 10-degrees. There should be sufficient lighting where license plates are to be captured.
Save money, get your order faster, and get better support!
Here is a web chat I had with a low-voltage CCTV installer earlier this week:
Aug 14, 2017 1:28 PM Raymond Shadman: what are you looking for?
Aug 14, 2017 1:31 PM Visitor: DS-2CE56D5T-IT3-2.8MM hIKVISION
Aug 14, 2017 1:32 PM Raymond Shadman: and how many do you need?
Aug 14, 2017 1:32 PM Visitor: 3
Aug 14, 2017 1:33 PM Raymond Shadman: i can do $139.99 each with free shipping
Aug 14, 2017 1:35 PM Raymond Shadman: this is a much better camera: http://edigitaldeals.net/lts-platinum-cmht1322w-28-2mp-1080p-matrix-ir-turret-dome-hd-tvi-camera-2-8mm-wdr-20m-infrared-12v-dc-ip66-3yr.html
Aug 14, 2017 1:35 PM Raymond Shadman: and the price would be $87.95
Aug 14, 2017 1:37 PM Raymond Shadman: that LTS has 20 meters of infrared, with true WDR. For 40 meters to match the Hikvision, I would recommend this one:
Aug 14, 2017 1:37 PM Raymond Shadman: $107.95 each
Aug 14, 2017 1:37 PM Raymond Shadman: we generally use LTS instead of Hikvision because it’s the exact same camera (hardware and software), and the price is less and the support is better
Aug 14, 2017 1:37 PM Raymond Shadman: shipping is also faster
Make your own determination, or contact us for a professional recommendation on your specific application.
In this post, we list best practices for ensuring compatibility between IP recorders and IP cameras.
Unlike analog recorders, NVRs or hybrid/tribrid/multi-format DVRs (also known as XVRs) require compatible makes and models of IP cameras.For example, if using a Dahua NVR, it’s a best practice to use Dahua IP Cameras in order to guarantee compatibility between recorders and cameras. If mixing brands, or if not using a stated make and model of listed IP camera, it’s very possible that the camera’s video stream won’t display on the NVR. In some cases, the camera’s video stream might be displayed, but other features may not work. The same holds true for VMSes (Video Management Systems) such as Milestone XProtect, which are essentially software-based IP management systems that are designed to accommodate numerous brands of IP Cameras, with certain limitations.
If not using the same brand of NVR or IP camera, the best practice is to match each device’s corresponding Onvif profile. Onvif is a standard in the IP/Security world, which allows interoperability between IP security devices, even if they are branded differently. It’s important to note that there are various profiles of Onvif. For example, LTS/Hikvision, ACTi, and KT&C are Onvif Profile-S. And Dahua and Uniview are Onvif 2 or higher. Can an Onvif Profile-S camera be connected to an Onvif 2.x recorder, and vice versa? It’s possible, and the only way to know for certain is to test it. Although the odds of compatibility are going to be much better if the camera’s Onvif profile corresponds to that of the recorder.
Testing the IP camera (IPC) involves:
Is video displayed on the NVR/VMS in H.264, H.265, MPEG4, MJPEG, or whichever other compression streams you are trying to use from the IPC?
If the camera supports multiple streams, are they all detected by the NVR/VMS?
Does the NVR/VMS record the IPC’s stream on motion detection?
If the camera supports audio, does it work with the NVR/VMS?
If the camera supports on-board storage (usually a Micro SD slot), does it work with the NVR/VMS?
If the camera supports electronic optical zoom, or Pan-Tilt-Zoom (PTZ), can the NVR/VMS control the camera’s zoom lens or PTZ mechanism?
If the camera is a panoramic fisheye (180-degree or 360-degree with no moving parts), then will the NVR/VMS support the de-warping of the camera’s lens, so that you can view the camera in panoramic mode instead of standard fisheye mode with the black circles around it?
If the camera is a multi-sensor panoramic camera (such as the Arecont Vision SurroundVideo with more than one sensor inside the camera), will all sensors be displayed by the NVR/VMS?
There’s at least an 30-60 minutes worth of testing involved per camera, after unboxing the camera(s) and properly setting IP addressing for the camera and NVR, not to mention return shipping to the warehouse if it’s not compatible on all the features you want. For those of you who are bold enough to be buying directly from China, good luck returning those products to China, as Chinese Customs does not accept cameras to be returned for any reason be it warranty repair or exchange.
Most Onvif NVRs have list their Onvif profile, and most IP cameras from reputable companies list their Onvif profile. Do yourself a favor and choose compatible equipment. If you have multiple brands of Onvif devices, opt for using a professional VMS such as Milestone XProtect, providing that your cameras are listed in the VMS’s compatibility list. If using a camera that is not listed in the compatibility list, try using the Onvif driver, and if that doesn’t work, try the Universal driver (when using Milestone XProtect).
Here are general instructions to connect an Onvif IPC to an Onvif recorder:
Address the IPC using a unique IP address with the same subnet mask and gateway as the NVR/VMS. You will have to use the IPC manufacturer’s software tool for addressing. For example, Dahua has ConfigTool. LTS uses Platinum IP Portal. Hikvision uses SADP. Uniview uses EZ Tools, etc.
Connect your IPC to a discrete/external PoE switch if it’s a different brand than the NVR. For example, if using an ACTi IP camera, connect it to a PoE switch that is not the built-in PoE switch on the NVR, if one is present. Alternatively, connect a compatible external power source such as 12v DC or 24v AC, depending on your camera’s specifications. In some circumstances, an NVR’s built-in PoE will support other brands of PoE IPCs, but it is a best practice to use a discrete PoE swich to have better odds of compatibility.
For Tribrid LTS or Hikvision DVRs, go to Main Menu –> Setting –> Camera –> Channel Type in order to configure the channel type as analog (CVBS/SD), HD-TVI, AHD, HD-CVI, etc., and IP. IP cameras should be labeled at the end of the range of cameras. For example, on a 16 channel tribrid system, the IP cameras would be labeled as #16 and lower (in reverse order) if the number of IP channels is inclusive in the total number of cameras. If the number if IP channels is in addition to the total BNC inputs, then the IP cameras would be labeled as #17 and up.
To add a brand of IPC that is different than the brand of NVR/VMS, you will most likely not be able to use any of the NVR/VMS’s bulk-adding utilities. Your best bet is to do a manual add, where you would specify the IP address, port number, user name and password. Select manufacturer: Onvif. NOTE: it is important to change the default user name and password of the IPC before you reach this step. If there is an option for TCP or UDP or both, use TCP.
For additional information on IPC integration, please contact your vendor for support.
Here are my questions to ISONAS regarding replacing a hospital’s S2 control panels with ISONAS IPBridge units so that they can use their existing S2 readers at each of their existing access controlled doors and have integration into Milestone XProtect. The hospital’s intent is to add new ISONAS equipment to the new doors, while to use existing equipment where possible, given their fairly recent investment into S2, which was substantial. S2, unfortunately, does not offer any integration into Milestone XProtect.
Q1) Is it the Pure Access Software that integrates with Milestone XProtect?
A1) The Milestone Pure Access integration is expected to be complete in June. This is related to their newer RC04 Pure Access products, because their RC03 integration was complete at least 1-2 years ago.
Q2) The Milestone XProtect server will be running Windows 7 Pro 64-bit. Must we have Server2012 R2 or better for Pure Access, or is it better for Pure Access to run on its own server or workstation?
A2) The Manager on-premise version of Pure Access will require a Windows 2012 R2 or newer machine or can be hosted in a virtual environment. I have been told by several manufacturers and various installers that it’s best to have a separate server for the access control, versus installing the software on the Milestone servers. This is because it’s easier to troubleshoot issues, and there could be potential conflicts between the SQL db on Milestone and the access software.
Q3) Does Pure Access Cloud to run in the cloud without a server?
A3) Pure Access Cloud has no physical server requirements.
Q4) You recommend RC-04-PRX and R-1-MCT so that they can get an idea on pricing for future doors, right? These are all weatherproof in case any need to be installed outdoors?
A4) Correct the RC04 has a conformal coated board and is much more weatherproof.
Q5) What’s the difference between the PRX and MCT? PRX is the 125kHz cards with lower bit strings.
A5) The MCT is the 13.56mHz Smart cards like the Mifare or DesFire cards that create an encrypted two-way signal between the reader and the card. The MCT is more secure. The PRX credentials can easily be duplicated using a $30 prox card duplicator that can be purchased online. It’s still a common request to go with 125KHz cards because of their low price point.
Q6) Can we use the PowerNet readers instead of the Pure IP in case we need to reduce cost? Will these still integrate into Milestone?
A6) The RC03 is compatible with Milestone today and in the future. The RC04 will be compatible as soon as the Pure Access Milestone is complete in June.
Q7) Why is it called Pure IP if it’s Wiegand-based?
A7) See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wiegand_interface. The RC04 & RC03 are edge-based intelligent devices with an IP address on the network.
Q8) Is the Cable-10 required for each new reader? Not required for the existing S2 readers, right?
A8) The pigtail Cable 10 is required for the RC04 to connect to the lock hardware. The R1 is a Wiegand reader that can use existing composite wiring (banana cable).
Q9) Once they surpass 100 doors, can they just pay the difference to upgrade to the next level? Would they need a valid software support plan to receive 100% trade-in-credit?
A9) When the upgrade occurs they will be credited the unused portion of the subscription.
Q10) Are the thin cards printable?
A10) Yes, we will have a full integration with DataCard by the end of 2017. This was suggested during our private webinar regarding printing visitor cards with different colors, and various access levels with their own colors.
Q11) What is the Advanced Security Module?
A11) The ASM encrypts the signal between the RC04 and the lock strike, which makes it impossible to hot-wire the lock if the RC04 is removed.
Q12) 1-year warranty on all hardware? Or is it more than a year?
A12) Yes, 1-year warranty. Extended warranties can be purchased for up to 5 years, so 6 years total.
Q13) For the Milestone access control integration, is it per door or per IP Bridge or what?
A13) ISONAS does not charge any licensing from our side of the Milestone equation. Those fees are directly charged by Milestone.